According to researchers from the University of Athens Medical School, vitamin C supplementation may offer benefits to childhood obesity. This study examined data from 220 juveniles with obesity at a mean age of 10 years. Half of the group received vitamin D supplementation for a year, while the other half received a placebo. Over the course of the study, researchers measured liver function, cardio-metabolic and bone parameters, and 25-(OH) D levels.
After one year, children assigned to the vitamin D group experienced a lower BMI versus children assigned a placebo. They also had lower fat masses at 12 months and higher HDL levels versus children who received a placebo. No differences were noted between the two groups in regard to insulin resistance measures, HbA1c, or arterial blood pressure.
These findings were presented at the annual meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology on September 27, 2018.