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A new study has shown that children who breastfeed might not be getting enough vitamin D. The longer that a child nurses, the greater their risk is for having a vitamin D deficiency. This is especially true of people who live far away from the equator. Breast milk does not provide enough vitamin D, and according to the Canadian Pediatric Society, all children who are nursing should take a supplement of 400 IUs of vitamin D each day for their first year of life.
Canadian researchers used the data from approximately 2,500 healthy children ages 1-5. The findings showed that low levels of vitamin D increased by 6% for every additional month of breastfeeding when the child did not take vitamin D supplements, as compared to children who were given supplements.
These findings were published in American Journal of Public Health on February 27, 2016.