A Paleo diet could help older women to lower their risk of developing heart disease and diabetes while also losing weight. The study followed 35 obese, postmenopausal women who had normal blood sugar levels and were asked to follow a Paleo diet for about two years. They were able to eat lean meat, eggs, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and berries. Dairy products, refined fats, sugar, and cereals were avoided. A control group of 35 women followed a low-fat diet throughout that time.
After the two-year period, the women in the Paleo diet group had decreased their intake of “bad” fats by 19%, increased monosaturated fats by 47%, and increased polyunsaturated fats by 71%. Women on the low-fat diet did not see any significant fat intake changes. However, both diets showed similar – and dramatic – weight loss.
The results of this study indicated that following the Paleo diet could be an effective way to battle the obesity epidemic. Women experienced the health benefits even when they were not asked to restrict their calories.
These findings were presented at the Endocrine Society annual meeting in Boston on April 3, 2016.