Researchers from Quebec City’s Université Laval have recently found that the prevalence of diabetes is highest in the world’s poorest countries, even after adjustments had been made for traditional risk factors and ethnicity.
This study was completed by examining the prevalence of diabetes in nearly 120,000 adults from 18 different countries. These countries were divided into four categories: high-income, upper-middle-income, low-middle-income, and low-income.
The researchers then found that the poorer countries had the highest diabetes prevalence while the wealthiest countries experienced the lowest prevalence.
This gradient persisted even after adjustments were made for all risk factors, showing that conventional risk factors cannot fully account for the high prevalence of diabetes in low-income countries.
These findings were published in Diabetes Care on March 10, 2016.